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What are trends in psychotherapy? How do they differ? Should I know in which direction the psychotherapist I am going to work? Which trend is best for me?

The psychotherapy trend consists of the main psychological concepts derived from psychoanalytic and psychodynamic concepts, which are a consequence of the development of psychoanalysis (i.e. unconscious mechanisms that may be the basis of various behaviors by linking them to the so-called defense mechanisms). Trends in psychotherapy are different ways of understanding mental disorders and human functioning combined with knowledge about different techniques and work tools that will be used during therapeutic sessions. Each type of psychotherapy is characterized by a different source of inspiration, approach, method of conduct and theoretical assumptions that are tailored to the problem of a particular patient and its specificity.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy it is derived from the assumption that human behavior is the result of being controlled by internal, unconscious mechanisms and hidden needs.

Analytical psychotherapy it involves a thorough analysis of what happened in childhood, as well as the functioning of our relationships with loved ones, i.e. how we shaped our current habits.

Humanistic-existential approach is a different therapeutic trend, the foundations of which come from existential philosophy, from an approach focused on emotions. Humanistic therapy assumes that there is a huge potential in every human being, which should be used for self-development. In turn, he considers the use of inappropriate norms and values that are at odds with real needs as a source of problems.

Cognitive-behavioral approach it is a trend that comes from behaviorism. Behaviorism was a certain opposition to psychoanalysis, because the first behaviorists focused on observing behaviors and mechanisms that are responsible for the fact that we "learn" withdrawal, avoidance, and anxiety reactions. Behaviorism therefore assumes that behavioral disorders are the result of learned responses to stimuli. Anxiety disorders are a classic example of what we face in behavior therapy.

The same trends can be implemented in both individual and group therapy.


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